29th Dai Al-Mutlaq Syedna Abdul Taiyeb Zakiyuddin bin Syedna Dawood bin Qutub Shah RA
Birth : 8th Safar-ul-Muzaffar 972 AH
Wafat : 2nd Rabi-ul-Awwal 1041 AH, Ahmedabad
Duration Of Dawat : 10 Years and 8 Months
Syedna AbdulTaiyeb Zakiyuddin (R.A) succeeded Syedna ShaikhAdam Safiyuddin (R.A) as Dai-al-Mutlaq. Syedna Dawood bin Qutub Shah (R.A) and Rani AaiSaheba were his noble parents. During the fitnat of laeen Suleman, when Syedna Dawood (R.A) went into seclusion, Syedna AbdulTaiyeb Zakiyuddin (R.A) accompanied Syedna Dawood (R.A). He defended Syedna Dawood (R.A) during critical times. He was very soft spoken and maintained good relations with government officers. When Syedna Dawood (R.A) went to Lahore, Syedna AbdulTaiyeb Zakiyuddin (R.A) remained in Ahmedabad and gave full co-operation to Syedi Aminji bin Jalal (Q.S.). Syedna Dawood (R.A) had imparted such noble values to Syedna AbdulTaiyeb Zakiyuddin (R.A) , that inspite of being a Dai's son, he gladly became a Mansus to Syedna Safiyuddin (R.A). Syedna ShaikhAdam Safiyuddin (R.A) used to talk about Syedna Zakiyuddin (R.A) amongst Mumineen. When the time of wafat of Syedna Safiyuddin (R.A) came, the responsibility of Dawat was bestowed on Syedna AbdulTaiyeb Zakiyuddin (R.A). Syedna Zakiyuddin (R.A)performed Janaza Namaz of Syedna ShaikhAdam Safiyuddin (R.A).
The first man who came for Taaziyat was Ali bin Ibrahim son of Syedna Shaikh Adam (R.A) who led 'Janaza Namaz'(Obligatory Namaz prayed for a departed person before the burial rites are fulfilled) behind Syedna Shaikh Adam Safiuddin (R.A). Some of the 'Munafeqin'(enemies) instigated him and he made a claim to the position of Dai. He remained steadfast with this claim but later came to Syedna Zakiyuddin(RA) to seek pardon. Huzurala Syedna Abdul Taiyeb Zakiyuddin (R.A) benevolently accepted his apologies, and asked those persons who had prayed Namaz led by him to repeat that Namaz. Everybody accepted the decision.
But again after sometime he succumbed to the instigation of a few people and challenged the Dai(RA). Some of the accomplices accompanied Him to the court of Sultan Jahangir, the son of King Akbar for the settlement of their claim. They tried to win over the ministers. They impressed upon Sunni ministers that they actually upheld their views. To the Shia ministers they confided that they followed their beliefs. The ministers agreed that the matter had to be looked into deeply. Jahangir issued a Farman to Saif Khan, the Governor of Gujarat, to respectfully send Syedna Abdul Taiyeb Zakiyuddin (R.A), to Lahore. Syedna Zakiyuddin (R.A) reached the court of the Jahangir at Lahore where he was honorably received, just as his late father, Syedna Dawood (R.A) was. The king was overawed and decided the case in his favor, just like his father King Akbar had decided the case in favor of Syedna Dawood (R.A). Jahangir renewed the Royal Farmaan issued by Akbar. Syedna(RA) returned back to Ahmedabad, and the false claimant was humiliated.
Syedna Abdul Taiyeb Zakiyuddin then declared nass upon Dai-Al-Mutlaq, Syedna Ali Shamshuddin Bin Syedi Hasan (R.A) who lived in Yemen, and passed away on the 2nd of Rabi-ul-Awwal 1041 AH.